Indian Army Unveils “Karn Kavach” & Multiple AI Enabled Solutions | Tech Rasta


The Indian Army showcased various internal solutions during the DefExpo 2022 held from October 18 – 22. These include F-INSAS, Explosive Systems and Remotely Operated Weapons Centers. The Army has also turned to multiple artificial intelligence (AI) enabled surveillance and tracking solutions.

Karn Kavach (F-INSAS)

The project is intended to provide an “integrated soldier system with a sensor-shooter interface to improve mission effectiveness.” The Karn Kavach system provides the infantry soldier with “increased lethality, mobility, survivability and situational awareness”. The system was handed over to the Army in August 2022.

Some parts of Karn Kavach (Aditya).

Equipment associated with the Karn Kavach system: Negev NG7 LMG, SIG716i rifles, night vision equipment and AK pattern rifles with under-barrel grenade launcher, multi-mode hand grenades, BEL laser dazzler, software defined radios, hand-held thermal imager (HHTI) unit with integral ideaforge switch UAS. Various personal protective equipment includes a ballistic helmet, gloves, goggles, knee and elbow pads, and a tactical vest. AK-203 rifles are also part of this equipment.

A platoon named Karn Kavach Platoon is equipped with the latest weapons and equipment. The platoon was trained and exercised to examine overall capability enhancement with a focus on situational awareness. At this point the platoon was evaluated “Do the red hunt exercise” in East Ladakh in August 2022 and demonstrated its improved capabilities in an operational scenario.

The platoon is currently a benchmark for demonstrating future infantryman, sub-unit and unit concepts. Prime Minister Narendra Modi reviewed concept during DefExpo 2022.

Agniyastra Multi Target Detonation System

UGVs associated with Agniyastra (Aditya).

The system is intended for various explosive roles during room intervention, bunker clearance, IED disposal and other operations. The system can destroy multiple targets independently or simultaneously. The system consists of five remote firing units and a master control unit.

The system can be run manually. However, the capability of the system to be deployed using small drones and various UGVs was highlighted. The lightweight portable system has a range of over 500m, which can be extended. The system has been successfully tested by the Army.

Constantly monitoring the ubiquitous Artificial Intelligence Surveillance System (CHOUKASS).

It is a small, highly portable forward area surveillance system capable of processing images, capturing relevant data and transferring them to surveillance centers in low-lying areas. The system is designed for early warning of enemy infiltration by overcoming sight limitations and avoiding continuous maintenance.

Choukas (Aditya)

A 400m range optical sensor captures images transmitted in real-time to a portal accessible by surveillance centers through a small NB-IOT satellite module. The system is designed to be concealed and weighs only 3 kg. A Li-ion battery can run the system for 5 days, which can be extended using a 50W foldable solar panel. The AI ​​enabled system can automatically detect targets and raise alerts.

Proactive Real Time Intelligence and Surveillance Monitoring System (PRISM)

PRISM is an AI-based system capable of generating real-time audio and visual alerts on suspicious enemy movement detection, motion detection, target detection and tracking. It relies on feed from multiple surveillance inputs such as cameras, LORROS, HHTI, thermal imaging integrated observation devices and other devices deployed to monitor real-time feeds from border areas.

AI based detection system for BFSR (MR) radar and PRISM (Aditya).

The detection and tracking capabilities of the system can be increased over long distances depending on the optical sensor capability. It can seamlessly analyze night surveillance videos with high accuracy by integrating the feed with infrared & thermal vision cameras. The invention was designed internally based on requirements received from various field formations.

The system has so far been deployed and field tested by 35 formations of the Indian Army including 3 Corps, 4 Corps, 9 Corps, 14 Corps, 15 Corps, 16 Corps and 33 Corps Areas of Responsibility deployed in North & Eastern. sectors. It is reported to be deployed in 145 operational field units.

Sarvatra Pehachan

It is AI based intrusion detection and integrated command station. It integrates information from various imaging systems and sensors into a single dashboard. Its AI-based video analytics for anomaly detection enables faster intervention and reduces manual errors in surveillance centers. The system uses indigenous software and is scalable. 15 Corps of the Indian Army evaluated the system and recommended it for induction.

The Silent Sentry rail mounted robot was also showcased at DefExpo 2022 (Aditya).

Armament of in-service HHTI with laser range finder

The project aims to provide remote surveillance and intrusion neutralization. The weapon station consists of a 7.62mm GPMG mounted on a pan & tilt unit (PTU), while the sensor station has an HHTI mounted on a separate PTU for precision remote firing capability. The control station consists of a video display and an interface.

The system can be used to counter border infiltration, remote observation and precision engagement from protected areas. The 80 kg system is under trial evaluation.

Ten Artificial Intelligence Remotely Operated Weapon Stations (TAIROWS)

TAIROWS is a fully autonomous weapon station that acts as a force multiplier and can be designed with human-in-the-loop capability for precision engagement of targets remotely. It is compatible with various small arms like INSAS rifle, SIG716, LMGs and SVD rifles.

TAIROWS is an internally designed structure with rotating frame, weapon carriage with recoil system, electric trigger assembly and electric motors for control. The system is portable and can be installed on vehicles. It weighs up to 30 kg.

Tyros (Aditya)

The control software interface can be run on a laptop or tablet and operated in wired or wireless configurations. The system has four operation modes: manual mode, auto target tracking and engagement mode, preset targets mode and autonomous mode. It can fire at angles from -30° to +70°.

Nine firing trials of TAIROWS were conducted. The system demonstrated 100% First Round Hit Percentage (FRHP) on static targets up to 300m and 90% FRHP on moving targets both day and night. The station is powered by two 12V batteries.

Tyros (Aditya)

Along the Line of Control a TAIROWS system was established with 10 infantry divisions. The system was developed in February 2021 after the presentation of the SmartShooter Smash Hopper to the Northern Command. TAIROWS is claimed to cost several times less than the Israeli solution and has AI enabled features.





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